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  Nexium
Drug uses
Nexium is a long-acting medicine called a proton pump inhibitor and used to treat Zollinger-Ellison syndrome, dyspepsia, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD for short), peptic ulcer- these are the conditions that damage the internal organs. It works by reducing the amount of gastric acid produced in the body and help to prevent the complications concerning the esophagus.
How taken
Nexium is available as a capsule taken by mouth at approximately the same time every day. It’s to be swallowed as whole and neither crushed or chewed. In case you can’t swallow the capsule, open it and add the pellets to a tablespoon of an applesauce. Mix it carefully in a bowl and take it immediately. Never leave it till later.
It’s up to the doctor to determine how long your treatment will last (4-8 weeks in average).For ulcer Nexium may be taken for about a week and a half.
The doses vary as they are determined by the doctor. The average ones are:
Adults: 20-40 mg a day
Children: determined by the doctor
Precautions
1 Tell the doctor if you’ve got any allergies.
2 The doctor should know about any specific medical conditions that you have. Be sure you’ve mentioned kidney/liver problems.
3 The cases when the medicine did harm to an unborn baby are not known, but make sure your doctor knows if you are planning to become pregnant or you are pregnant already.
4 Talk to your doctor about breastfeeding your baby during the treatment as it’s not known if it may do any harm to your child.
5 Patients on penicillin therapy may have different serious complications.
6 Discuss your preferences in food with your doctor as some of it may cause complications. Perhaps, the doctor may restrict you to a diet. Alcohol, tea/coffee, spicy food may aggravate your conditions.
7 Make sure the doctor knows about any medications you are taking including any vitamins, supplements and herbals. Make sure you’ve mentioned:
Iron
Anticoagulants
Diazepam
Ketoconazole
Digoxin
Atazanavir
8 Remember that all these should be used at least 2 hours before Nexium.
9 Antacids may go with your Nexium during the treatment.
10 Weigh the risks of taking this medicine as in animals it showed the increased risk of stomach tumor though it’s still not proved whether it increases this risk in people.
Side effects
Side effects such as diarrhea, constipation, headache and cough may occur during the treatment but go away soon. Your doctor should be informed immediately if you experience any of the following: vomiting, stomach upset, pain in the stomach, chest, throat, dryness in the mouth. The allergy to this medicine is not likely to occur but in case it has, tell the doctor about it. The symptoms of it are itching, troubled breathing, swelling, giddiness, rash.
Missed dose
Never double doses in order to make up for a missed one. Take it as soon as you remember, but if it’s nearly time to take the next one, forget about the missed dose and take the one that is according to your everyday schedule.
Overdose
If you suspect an overdose, call the emergency immediately. The signs of it may be dryness in the mouth, giddiness, sweating, sleepiness, heartbeat irregularity, breathlessness, trembling, flushing, convulsions.
Storage
  • Keep out of reach of children
  • Store at room temperature
  • Keep away from moisture, hot and cold places, direct light
  • Store in a tightly closed container
  • Dispose of an outdated medicine

Disclaimer
The information above is to serve your information purposes only and is not to be looked upon as an instruction for a patient. This abstract only covers some general issues of drug uses, directions, warnings, possible side effects, etc. For more information you may consult with your doctor. We disclaim all responsibility for any adverse effects and negative consequences that could be the result of the use of this information.